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  • Advantages of green card

    Hey guys,

    I am trying to compile a list of things that I can do now that I have my green card that I could not have done before with my Indian passport.

    The only two things that I came up with, is employment opportunities and changes to taxes, Other than travel to Canada and Mexico.

    Can people please post the other practical advantages that they have seen regarding travel or otherwise that you were able to do with the green card which you could not do before.

    I will try to compile it into a document and post it back in its compiled form.

    Thanks.
    GC: 5/1/06
    Citizen: 05/26/11
    Applied for 130 for both parents: 12/14/11 Initial review
    05/02/12,05/30 - I-130 approved.
    06/11-NVC case generated for one parent, waiting for other.
    07/03- AOS fee paid for one parent

  • #2
    Add several caribbean countries to the list along with Canada and Mexico.

    When you travel to India via some Europian countries (e.g. England)
    You are no longer required to get a transit visa.

    Comment


    • #3
      waht taxes change?

      I didnt' know there were changes to taxes being an LPR.. Can you please clarify?

      Also add Switzerland to the list. I went through Geneva to India and didn't need a transit visa..
      *** Keep the spirit alive ***

      Comment


      • #4
        No transit visa required for Frankfurt too.

        As the previous memeber asked, I haven't heard of any change is Taxes.

        Please clarify.

        Comment


        • #5
          There are changes in taxes.
          Usually once one becomes a LPR, he/she can no longer claim tax treaty benefits ( if there is such a treaty ).
          As a F1 student awarded with Fellowships award, the tax treaty France/US was making my award totally tax-free. When I became a LPR, the treaty was no longer applicable, so I was paying taxes on my fellowship.
          That's the example that comes to my mind as I experienced it.
          I tried to help to the best of my knowledge. But I am not a lawyer.
          Please respect the answer/opinion you are given : remember you are the one who asked for it in the first place.
          Hope for the best, expect the worst.

          DV 2005 winner from France :
          http://immigrationportal.com/showthread.php?t=198774
          General Info for DV winners :
          http://immigrationportal.com/showthread.php?t=215048

          Comment


          • #6
            state taxes and elections

            Also, in some states, we have to file state income tax as non resident and hence cannot claim some benefits until we get the green card. but i have been filing resident for federal purposes. so i guess its specific to state. most states are the same as federal for simplicity and some are not.

            there are supposed to be elections that you can pariticpate that you dont need to be a US citizen for voting. i havent found any, that are applicable for me, that i am interested in yet.
            GC: 5/1/06
            Citizen: 05/26/11
            Applied for 130 for both parents: 12/14/11 Initial review
            05/02/12,05/30 - I-130 approved.
            06/11-NVC case generated for one parent, waiting for other.
            07/03- AOS fee paid for one parent

            Comment


            • #7
              Originally posted by Catseyes
              Usually once one becomes a LPR, he/she can no longer claim tax treaty benefits ( if there is such a treaty ). As a F1 student awarded with Fellowships award, the tax treaty France/US was making my award totally tax-free. When I became a LPR, the treaty was no longer applicable, so I was paying taxes on my fellowship.
              You can always make a claim under a tax treaty.

              The difference is that an F1 is by definition a NON-RESIDENT of the US for tax purposes, no matter how long you stay here. If you had switched non-immigrant statuses to anything other than F or J, you would have had the same issue.
              ------------------------------------
              IMPORTANT NOTE: I am a Volunteer Moderator - one of you. I am not a lawyer. So act accordingly.

              PD: 9/12/2000 (EB3/VA/RIR/Canada)
              I-140 RD: 12/22/2000
              I-140 AD: 7/16/2001
              RD: 8/28/2001
              ND: 10/26/2001
              FP1: 1/31/2002
              RFE: 8/2/2002
              RFE RD: 8/28/2002
              TD: 10/22/2002
              FP2: 6/19/2004
              ID: 07/15/2004
              AD: 07/15/2004
              CO: 08/18/2004
              CR: 08/23/2004
              N-400 RD: 05/21/2009
              FP: 06/13/2009
              CFR: 08/05/2009
              IL: 08/21/09
              ID: 10/7/09
              USC: 10/8/09

              Comment


              • #8
                Originally posted by crazy_newjersey
                I didnt' know there were changes to taxes being an LPR.. Can you please clarify?

                Also add Switzerland to the list. I went through Geneva to India and didn't need a transit visa..
                Actually, like Canada and Mexico, Switzerland doesn't require a visa for stays less than 90 days for GC holders from countries whose citizens would otherwise need a tourist/business visa.

                Comment


                • #9
                  You can always make a claim under a tax treaty.
                  TheRealCanadian : maybe you're right. But I know for sure that this does not work for the tax treaty France/US.

                  It might for others though.
                  I tried to help to the best of my knowledge. But I am not a lawyer.
                  Please respect the answer/opinion you are given : remember you are the one who asked for it in the first place.
                  Hope for the best, expect the worst.

                  DV 2005 winner from France :
                  http://immigrationportal.com/showthread.php?t=198774
                  General Info for DV winners :
                  http://immigrationportal.com/showthread.php?t=215048

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Originally posted by Catseyes
                    But I know for sure that this does not work for the tax treaty France/US.
                    Your example has exactly zero to do with the tax treaty and everything to do with tax residency.

                    The US/France tax treaty is EXPLICITLY designed for the protection of tax residents living/working/making money in the other country, as are all tax treaties. Their immigration status, unless explicitly mentioned (like non-residency in the cast of F, J and M aliens) is irrelevant.
                    ------------------------------------
                    IMPORTANT NOTE: I am a Volunteer Moderator - one of you. I am not a lawyer. So act accordingly.

                    PD: 9/12/2000 (EB3/VA/RIR/Canada)
                    I-140 RD: 12/22/2000
                    I-140 AD: 7/16/2001
                    RD: 8/28/2001
                    ND: 10/26/2001
                    FP1: 1/31/2002
                    RFE: 8/2/2002
                    RFE RD: 8/28/2002
                    TD: 10/22/2002
                    FP2: 6/19/2004
                    ID: 07/15/2004
                    AD: 07/15/2004
                    CO: 08/18/2004
                    CR: 08/23/2004
                    N-400 RD: 05/21/2009
                    FP: 06/13/2009
                    CFR: 08/05/2009
                    IL: 08/21/09
                    ID: 10/7/09
                    USC: 10/8/09

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Look, I don't want to start a fight on this. Are you a CPA having read entirely the tax treaty for US/FRance?
                      I don't think so.
                      I read the treaty because it was important for my situation.
                      And I know for sure that this treaty ( US/ France ) clearly says that if you become a Legal Permanent Resident ( GC ) , you can no longer use the benefits listed for students under F or J visas. It is different if you become a resident for tax pruposes because of the 5-year rule : then, you can still claim the benefits. But I insist, it does not work if LPR.
                      So, it is written.
                      Now, go ahead and read the treaty if you want to argue.
                      I just wanted to help. Somebody asked for examples of tax changes. This is one. Maybe it only works for French people with a given type of visa before.

                      Tax treaty US/ France : http://www.info-france-usa.org/intheus/tax/004us.asp
                      " Article 21
                      Students and Trainees
                      1. (a) An individual who is a resident of a Contracting State immediately before his visit to the other Contracting State and who is temporarily present in the other Contracting State for the primary purpose of: "

                      Again, in the particular example I explained ( whch was my situation : F1 with scholarship award ), there is a change for taxes.

                      I was probably wrong when I said that a LPR usually looses tax treaty benefits when LPR.
                      It depends on what is written in your applicable tax treaty.
                      But, one is responsible for the understanding of the applicable treaty.
                      I tried to help to the best of my knowledge. But I am not a lawyer.
                      Please respect the answer/opinion you are given : remember you are the one who asked for it in the first place.
                      Hope for the best, expect the worst.

                      DV 2005 winner from France :
                      http://immigrationportal.com/showthread.php?t=198774
                      General Info for DV winners :
                      http://immigrationportal.com/showthread.php?t=215048

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Originally posted by Catseyes
                        Look, I don't want to start a fight on this. Are you a CPA having read entirely the tax treaty for US/FRance?
                        Fair enough - my apologies. And you're quite correct in stating that people should take a look through the tax treaties that may apply to them.
                        ------------------------------------
                        IMPORTANT NOTE: I am a Volunteer Moderator - one of you. I am not a lawyer. So act accordingly.

                        PD: 9/12/2000 (EB3/VA/RIR/Canada)
                        I-140 RD: 12/22/2000
                        I-140 AD: 7/16/2001
                        RD: 8/28/2001
                        ND: 10/26/2001
                        FP1: 1/31/2002
                        RFE: 8/2/2002
                        RFE RD: 8/28/2002
                        TD: 10/22/2002
                        FP2: 6/19/2004
                        ID: 07/15/2004
                        AD: 07/15/2004
                        CO: 08/18/2004
                        CR: 08/23/2004
                        N-400 RD: 05/21/2009
                        FP: 06/13/2009
                        CFR: 08/05/2009
                        IL: 08/21/09
                        ID: 10/7/09
                        USC: 10/8/09

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          One BIG disadvantage is if you get married after getting Green Card then you can not sponsor your spouse. There is no dependent visa for Green Card spouse & childrens.

                          Originally posted by Dago Red
                          Well, there are some disadvantages too. You're not allowed to make some investments in certain countries, because these banks or investment firms don't report to the IRS (see next post from Catseyes)
                          Newark, NJ DO
                          03/29/2005 LPR (EB)
                          12/31/2009 N-400 Mailed
                          01/04/2010 Received Date
                          01/04/2010 Priority Date (per FP NOA).
                          01/05/2010 Notice Date (per NOA)
                          01/07/2010 Check cashed
                          01/08/2010 NOA Received
                          01/14/2010 RFE mailed
                          01/23/2010 FP Notice Received (FP Date 02/02/2010)
                          01/25/2010 FP Done
                          03/05/2010 Received email - "This case has been sent for a standard interview"
                          03/08/2010 Interview Letter Received
                          04/12/2010 Interview Date. Approved. US Citizen

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Originally posted by mike_inus
                            One BIG disadvantage is if you get married after getting Green Card then you can not sponsor your spouse. There is no dependent visa for Green Card spouse & childrens.
                            Actually, that's what the FB2 category is all about. The problem is not that there is no dependent immigrant visa for the children and spouses of Permanent Residents, it's just that there are too many people applying for it.
                            ------------------------------------
                            IMPORTANT NOTE: I am a Volunteer Moderator - one of you. I am not a lawyer. So act accordingly.

                            PD: 9/12/2000 (EB3/VA/RIR/Canada)
                            I-140 RD: 12/22/2000
                            I-140 AD: 7/16/2001
                            RD: 8/28/2001
                            ND: 10/26/2001
                            FP1: 1/31/2002
                            RFE: 8/2/2002
                            RFE RD: 8/28/2002
                            TD: 10/22/2002
                            FP2: 6/19/2004
                            ID: 07/15/2004
                            AD: 07/15/2004
                            CO: 08/18/2004
                            CR: 08/23/2004
                            N-400 RD: 05/21/2009
                            FP: 06/13/2009
                            CFR: 08/05/2009
                            IL: 08/21/09
                            ID: 10/7/09
                            USC: 10/8/09

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              my dear friend i dont know who gave u this info,but this is wrong...
                              you can definitely sponsor ur wife and kids on gc,but it is a lengthy process spanning atleast 5 yrs...
                              other option is get ur citizenship and apply on k visa...

                              Originally posted by mike_inus
                              One BIG disadvantage is if you get married after getting Green Card then you can not sponsor your spouse. There is no dependent visa for Green Card spouse & childrens.

                              Comment


                              • #16
                                One more benefit

                                Originally posted by robocop104
                                Hey guys,

                                I am trying to compile a list of things that I can do now that I have my green card that I could not have done before with my Indian passport.

                                The only two things that I came up with, is employment opportunities and changes to taxes, Other than travel to Canada and Mexico.

                                Can people please post the other practical advantages that they have seen regarding travel or otherwise that you were able to do with the green card which you could not do before.

                                I will try to compile it into a document and post it back in its compiled form.

                                Thanks.

                                In some states you can avail in-state tution if you are a LPR.

                                Comment


                                • #17
                                  You also qualify for CD bank deposits in some banks, get lower mortgage rates, can have a baby outside the US (and still get LPR for the baby) and get admission in some universities which have restrictions on number of non locals they can admit.
                                  Many small benefits but biggest ones are peace of mind, employment without restriction and path to citizenship. Diasadvantages are 1) You cannot leave the US for more than 6 months or accept employment in your home country and 2) Sponsoring wife takes about 6 years

                                  Comment


                                  • #18
                                    Actually, that's what the FB2 category is all about. The problem is not that there is no dependent immigrant visa for the children and spouses of Permanent Residents, it's just that there are too many people applying for it.
                                    I think the point the poster wanted to make was this:

                                    If you are here on a H1b, L1, F1 visa, there are numerically unlimited dependent visas available, if you have a GC things are more complex.

                                    So, lets say you are a single guy on a L1 and in a situation where you have control as to WHEN you file your GC application (e.g. by having an approved EB-1-EA petition), it can be a consideration to hold off on filing for the GC until you are married. That way, your wifey gets her GC along with you instead of being locked out of the country for 5 years until you are a citizen.

                                    The FB-2 category is one of the most glaring examples as to what is f#@#d up with the US immigration system. At the same time that congress embarks on giving GCs to strawberrry pickers, there are philipina nurses whose husbands have to wait 8 years to follow them.




                                    I think one of the key advantages of having a GC is the freedom to go back to school if you feel like it. You are now eligible for school loan programs scholarships and you don't have to apply under any 'international program' restrictions.
                                    Last edited by hadron; 28th May 2006, 02:02 PM.
                                    I am not a lawyer. Whatever I write here is based on my experience, the experience of friends+family and my reading of USCIS memos, AAO decisions etc. It falls in the category of 'free advice', it is worth exactly as much as you paid for it. Before you make any decisions in immigration matters, please consult an expert in the field, and I hate to say it: That is probably an attorney.

                                    hadron: a subatomic particle which experiences the strong nuclear force

                                    hardon: just google it, will ya.

                                    Comment


                                    • #19
                                      6 mos or 1 year

                                      isnt it that u cant leave US for more than one year! - that u need a REP - less than one year is ok isnt it

                                      Originally posted by hipka
                                      You also qualify for CD bank deposits in some banks, get lower mortgage rates, can have a baby outside the US (and still get LPR for the baby) and get admission in some universities which have restrictions on number of non locals they can admit.
                                      Many small benefits but biggest ones are peace of mind, employment without restriction and path to citizenship. Diasadvantages are 1) You cannot leave the US for more than 6 months or accept employment in your home country and 2) Sponsoring wife takes about 6 years

                                      Comment


                                      • #20
                                        that's correct.

                                        To everyone in the forum:

                                        If you had a choice to file for citizenship in 3 years or go back to India with REP, after being on GC for 2 years, which one would you choose?

                                        thanks in advance.
                                        GC Details-After living 14 yrs in USA!
                                        AD: 11/1/04
                                        N-400 Details:-
                                        8-08-09:- N-400 Application Mailed
                                        8-11-09:- PD Date- Received in Lewisville, TX
                                        8-13-09:- Both Checks Cashed
                                        8-15-09:- Return receipt received
                                        8-17-09:- NOA received
                                        8-29-09:- FP notices
                                        9-10-09:- Done for myself (9/18 for spouse)
                                        10-9-09:- CFR "yellow letter" (DL &2 photos)
                                        10-30-09:- 2 SMS's, 2 Emails case sent for interview
                                        11-03-09:- Interview letter received
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